This booklet is aimed at all teachers working with learners from about entry level 3 to level 2. It is not a text book, or a list of recipes to teach particular aspects of fractions. Instead, it suggests some approaches that we have found effective in enabling learners to use fractions and to relate them to other mathematical concepts. It is important that learners think about relationships between fractions, rather than just trying to memorise methods for processing them. An introduction to fractions should include a strong emphasis on developing reasoning skills, comparing fractional amounts and exploring equivalence.