This publication brings together the final reports of the first round of the practitioner-led research initiative. The initiative ran for three years between 2004–06. Each round funded six, nine-month projects selected through an open competition. The initiative offered an opportunity for groups of practitioners to engage in ‘hands-on’ research. Groups were invited to identify research questions, and to design and carry out projects with structured support from the research community. This document presents the six reports from the first round of projects and locates them within the overall framework of the initiative itself, linking them to current research and practice.